Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2018, Page: 19-24
Factors Associated with Advanced Disease Stage at Diagnosis in a Study of Patients with Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer
Popoola Abiodun, Oncology Unit, Department of Radiology, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Ikeja, Nigeria
Sowunmi Anthonia, Department of Radiotherapy, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idiaraba, Nigeria
Omodele Foluso, Department of Surgery, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Nigeria
Odedina Stella, West African Breast Cancer Study Unit, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Ikeja, Nigeria
Received: Jun. 25, 2018;       Accepted: Jul. 6, 2018;       Published: Aug. 1, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.jctr.20180602.12      View  567      Downloads  27
Abstract
The objectives of this study is to identify potential predictors of long delay and to examine the association between breast cancer patient delay and stage at diagnosis. Breast cancer stage represents an important prognostic factor and advanced stage is associated with decreased time of disease-free survival and increased mortality rates. Thus, reducing these delays is believed to be of high importance. For the period of this study, February 2017 to January 2018, 171 pa­tients were interviewed, Predictors of breast cancer stage at time of diagnosis was determined by bivariate analysis using ordinal logistic regression. The relationship between each of the independent variables with breast cancer stage was determined. A greater percentage of the study participants were below 50 years of age (52%) and the mean ±SD age was 49.5±11.3 years. The percentage of premenopausal women among the study population was 48.2% while postmenopausal women was 51.8%. BMI of <25 is 32%, 25-29 is 47% while >30 was 20. The odds for advanced breast cancer stage is 2.75 for women who had 1-2 months diagnosis delay compared to women who had below 1 month delay. Those with >2 months diagnosis delay also had higher odds compared to those who had below 1 month delay (OR = 2.05, 95% CI = 1.04 – 4.06). The final ordinal logistic model revealed that variables that remained significant were having moderately differentiated tumour histology grade (aOR = 0.11, 95% CI = 0.04 – 0.28), well differentiated tumour histology grade (aOR = 0.35, 95% CI = 0.13 – 0.92) and bra cup size C (aOR = 0.41, 95% CI = 0.17 – 0.98). Improved screening, awareness and education programs are required by the health care professionals and health policy makers in order to promote early detection of breast cancer to avoid diagnosis at advanced stages.
Keywords
Delayed Diagnosis, Advanced Stage, Breast Cancer
To cite this article
Popoola Abiodun, Sowunmi Anthonia, Omodele Foluso, Odedina Stella, Factors Associated with Advanced Disease Stage at Diagnosis in a Study of Patients with Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer, Journal of Cancer Treatment and Research. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2018, pp. 19-24. doi: 10.11648/j.jctr.20180602.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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